Solar Energy

India is densely populated and has high solar insolation an ideal combination for using solar power in the country.

India unveiled a US$19 billion plan to produce 20 GW of solar power by 2020 and use of solar powered equipment and applications would be made compulsory in all government buildings, hospitals and hotels.

The National Solar Mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change plans to generate 1,000 MW of power by 2013 and has created a dyanamics within the industry and huge investment is pouring in this industry sector.

With about 300 clear sunny days in a year India's solar power reception on only its land area is about 5 Petawatt hours or 5 trillion kilowatt hours per year or about 600 TW.

Thin film solar production is expected to lead to the development of PV based electricity generation. Technologies in the wind, bio-mass, waste-to-energy and small hydro markets are at the venture capitalist stage and are waiting for funding to begin commercialization and scaling up of these projects.

The amount of installed capacity of solar energy produced in India is less than 1% of the total energy demand and the grid interactive solar power as of December 2010 was merely 10 MW.

India must pioneer energy efficency by concluding the process of fossil fuels to non fossil fuels and from non renewable to renewable energy.

Solar energy has great potential in country like India with immense source of sunshine avaliable per day and in intensity.

The conversion of Solar radiation into heat and electricity, solar thermal and solar photovoltaic can effectively be harnessed providing scalability for solar energy in India.

The capacity building, injunction and competitiveness in this sector in short and mid term is a directive to proclaim leadership, derive maximum growth and skim profits.

Government of India plans to accord high priority to developing large solar parks or clusters of units that can generate a total of up to 5,000 mega watt.

There is demand to provide intelligently designed subsidies and a policy framework facilitating large initial deployment of technology and cost reduction in this sector.